the voluntary state
A New Political Concept
 
 

WHILE  it  is  our  future  that  motivates  our search for the solution to man’s problem, it is important  to  look  at  the  past.


Man’s most fundamental problem arises when he forms a   society with his fellow men.


In  the  differences  between  men,  conflicts arise which   result   in   killing   and   stealing.   In defense, man has laboriously evolved customs, which become laws, which have to be carried  out,  which  leads  to  the  need  for  a  government  to  carry  out  the  laws.


The  problem  which  results,  and to be solved, is that the government, which is formed  to  do  man’s  bidding,  uses  the  power  it  has  been  given  to  become  his  master.   This  results  in  man  becoming  the  servant  of  his  own  government.


Our  task  is  to  get  to  the  bottom  of  the problem that  evolves  when  man  delegates  power  to  a  government  to  carry  out  laws.


First,  we  need  to  ask  whether  delegating the power to carry out laws makes it necessary to  delegate  the  power  to  decide  WHAT  the  law   shall    be.   The   answer   to   this   question   is   no.


Carrying out the laws is the function of those elected.  Deciding what the purpose of the law shall  be  is  the  function  of  the  voters.  The  two  functions  must  not  be  confused.  Those   elected   must   serve   the      voters.  The  voters,  alone, must decide  what  is  to  be  carried out,  what  the  law  shall  be,  because  the  right  to  determine  the  purpose  of  the  law    is    the    source    of    all    political     power.


Laws  determine  WHAT  a  government  does.  But   WHAT   a   government   does   is   not   the deciding factor for true self-government.  The deciding  factor  is  WHO  makes  the  decisions  as to WHAT a government does, because this determines  whether  man  is  self-governing  or  being  governed  by  others.


Our Declaration of Independence tells us that “all men . . . are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights; that . . . to secure these  rights,   governments  are  instituted among  men,  deriving  their  just  powers  from      the      consent      of      the      governed”.   These  “unalienable  rights”  must not be delegated to any part of the government because they inherently belong to the governed.  They  cannot be  delegated  if  the  government  is  to  proceed  by  “the  consent  of  the  governed”  because,  if  they  are  delegated,  then  the  rights that  have  been   “endowed   by   their   Creator”  have  been  transferred  to  others,  and  there  can  be  no  self-government.


In  the  earlier  days  of  our  land,  there  were  few people in each community.  But once the  people   became   too   numerous   to   assemble, the  custom  arose  of  delegating  the  power  to  make  laws  to  representatives  of  the  people  _  the  members  of  the  legislature.


Then the representatives became the ones who decided     WHAT the government should do,  so  that  WHAT  the  government  did  was not  decided  by  the  governed,  who  were  the voters.  The power to decide had been transferred from those governed, its rightful owners, to others who, as a result, became their governors.  This transfer of the power to decide is the root of the corruption which results when officials (who have been elected to serve the voters) use the power of office for the purpose  of  their  own  re-election.


So the power to decide, when it is transferred (delegated), then becomes arbitrary  power. This  is  true  because  any power which     can     be     used      as      the      user  sees  fit,  does  not have  to  be  used  to  benefit  those   who   have    delegated   it,   but   can   be    used to  benefit  the  users  themselves.    This  means that the decision as to how to use this power  is  arbitrary,  and  thus  the  link  of  the  users’  obligation  to  the  voters  has  been  broken.   As a result, when the users are seeking votes for re-election, they promise to support legislation that benefits certain voters financially.  This is vote-buying and vote-selling.  Those to whom the power was delegated have been corrupted by power which  does  not  belong  to  them.


The   tax   money   of   the   voters   has   been used to benefit those who will vote for the legislators who are in office.  The taxpayers have  become  the  servants  of  the  officials.   What  man needs is to take back control of what the  government  does  from  the  officials.


It  can  be  done.  To  do  it,  we  need  the answer   to   the   most   important   question   of  all,  how  not to  delegate  WHO  makes  the  decisions  as  to  WHAT  the  government   does.


To solve this problem, let’s proceed in steps.


1. How would we know what the voters wanted the     government to do?  They would have  made  this  clear by  means  of  elections  in  which  alternative  policies  were  offered  by the political parties (similarly to present procedure.)    Once the   voters   had   chosen   what they wanted the government to do, by electing one party, the just-elected legislators would enact laws defining the meaning  of  what  the  voters wanted   the  government  to  do.  


This would delegate to the elected representatives  the  limited  power   to  translate into  legislation  the  policies  that  the  voters approved at the election, while withholding from them  the  power  to  make  policy  themselves.


The Voluntary State would change the concept of the legislator as the initiator of policies. This  would  deny  him  the  right  to  make  laws  about  anything  the  voter  had  not  approved  in  the  elections.  His  sole function  would  be  to  clarify  and  codify  the  wishes  of  the  voters.  His  understanding  of  the  principles  of  law  would  be  needed,  nevertheless,  to  make  sure  that  the  voters’  will   was   not   subverted   through   laws.


Then,  when  the  power  to  determine  the purpose of       the law, now performed by the legislators, could no longer be exercised by them, it would become the function solely of the  voters. The voters would then hold the key power _ the power to determine the purpose  of  the  laws  (to  determine  policy.)


We must see that the present arbitrary power to determine policy, involving officials of all branches of government, is the source of the now-pervasive corruption in our government.


2. We need to ask how laws would be enforced.  The answer is by the executive, the president and his appointees.  This is properly the function of  those  we  call  the  executive.  And  those  who  do  the  work  need  to be  paid.


This is the expensive part of government, because       the       purposes,       which       have       been determined        by       the       voters only, become the functions  of  government  which  must  be  carried out  _  for   instance   by   government   agencies.


So   we   are   face   to   face   with   the means  necessary  for  such  elaborate enforcement   _   the  money.


If  man  can  control  the  money  for  enforcement,  he  can,  for  the  first  time,  control  his  government.  


If control of the money, which government requires  for  enforcement,  is  never  delegated   to anyone _ not even those who draft the laws  _  then  full  control  of  the  money  would  remain  with  the  voters.    How  could  they  keep  control  of  the  money  for  enforcement?


The   heart   of   the   matter  is  whether  the voter  must  pay  the  government,  whether or  not  the  government  keeps  its  word.  He needs the choice, whether to pay or not to pay.  The Voluntary State provides the choice by linking the vote to the voter’s willingness to pay his share of what has been voted.  This choice would force the government to do as the voters wish; otherwise  the  voters  could  withhold  their  tax money  after  the  election  (decide  not  to  pay.)    It  would  give  the  voters  control  of  the  government.    It  would  be  revolutionary.


Our purpose has been achieved.  We now have  the  answer  to  how not  to  delegate  WHO  makes  the  decisions  as  to  WHAT  the government does.  The  voter  is  now  self-governing!    Let  us  explore  this  further.


                                              


 

Chapter 5

WHO, NOT WHAT